Kimball Farm North Preserve

Located on Ogunquit Road in South Berwick, this 37-acre property, Kimball Farm North, sits adjacent to additional conservation lands – the privately-owned Hilton-Winn Farm and York Land Trust’s Hilton-Winn Preserve. Together the conservation areas encompass approximately 280 acres.

Kimball Farm North features two trails that create a loop and connect to the larger Ogunquit River Trail Network, the "Split Rock Trail" and "River Trail." The Ogunquit River Trail Network is a system of trails that connects through land owned by three sperate organizations, York Land Trust, Nancy Breen of Hilton-Winn Youth Enrichment program.   Kimball Farm North is mostly forested with the gently rolling topography that features several open wetland areas, including a vernal pool. The large glacial erratics, primarily in the northern portion of the property, are remnants of ancient glaciers. Old woods roads, stonewalls along its perimeter, and piles of stones (cleared from now overgrown fields) scattered throughout, attest to its agricultural past.

Heading North on Route One in downtown Ogunquit. Take a right onto Berwick Road, drive North for 2.5 miles, parking will be on your right.

Link to trail map.


Great Works purchased this property in 2012 with funding from Fields Pond Foundation, private donations and the Maine Natural Resources Conservation Program, with support from the Town of South Berwick.

102. Kimball Farm North, South Berwick (12/2012) Fee

Fee purchase from the Hirshom Estate of 37.25 acres adjacent to the Hilton-Winn Farm, creating a 360-acre block of protected land. Located near the intersection of South Berwick, Wells, York and Ogunquit borders, there is 1100’ of road frontage with wetlands connected to the Ogunquit River. Wildlife passage through culverts will enhance conservation value.


Due to undersized and damaged culverts, the cattail wetland along the northern side of Ogunquit Road had long been isolated from the larger Ogunquit River wetland complex on the southern side. This negatively affected the health of both wetlands by preventing adequate water flow between them. It also increased the mortality of reptiles, amphibians and small mammals as they used the road surface to move from one wetland area to the other.

When the Town of South Berwick’s Department of Public Works rebuilt this portion of Ogunquit Road in 2013, GWRLT and the Town collaborated to install larger culverts that would allow adequate hydrological exchange from one side of the road to another. GWRLT also installed drift fences, or barriers, along both sides of the road to guide wildlife to the new culverts, thus allowing critters to move freely under the road as they travel back and forth between wetland areas. Informal assessments of the road surface on rainy nights when reptiles and amphibians are especially active indicate a significant reduction in wildlife mortality.


At least one vernal pool may be found on the Kimball Farm North Preserve. Vernal pools are depressions in the landscape that fill with water over the winter and spring, but usually completely dry out during the summer and early fall months.

Because of its periodic drying, vernal pools do not support populations of fish, thus many organisms have evolved to thrive in such a temporary, fish-free wetland environment. In particular, these include wood frogs, spotted and blue salamanders and fairy shrimp, all of which utilize vernal pools for at least a portion of their life cycles.